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Kerala Flood



Kerala floods: How you can help

A Simple act of caring creates an endless ripple

(CNN)The worst floods in nearly a century have ravaged India's southwestern state of Kerala, leaving more than 300 dead and forcing hundreds of thousands to take shelter in relief camps.
CNN has identified several charities on the ground assisting those hit hardest by this flood. You can support their efforts by clicking the button below or by going directly to the Public Good campaign here.
You can make a Difference guys please do support you can Click and take action 

India's National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) reports a "40-50% excess" of monsoon rains this year.The unrelenting downpours are overwhelming dams and triggering landslides.
    Over the last two weeks, many of Kerala's rivers overflowed their banks, ruining hundreds of thousands of homes. Rescue workers are using boats and helicopters to find thousands who are still trapped.

    Other ways to help

    Several crowdsourcing sites are raising money to help those affected.
    The Kerala Floods Relief Fundraiser was launched by the Kerala Club of Detroit. They are working with district authorities across the state of Kerala to distribute donations. This fund has been verified by GoFundMe.
    And Sri Pinarayi Vijayan, the chief minister for the government of Kerala, has launched the Kerala Flood Relief campaign to directly support the recovery efforts.

    Kerala Floods: Here’s how you can help and contribute

    A Simple act of caring creates an endless ripple

    As Kerala experienced the heaviest rainfall since 1924, millions of people remain stranded in God’s own country. The subsequent flooding has left hundreds of houses damaged, and thousands of families have been forced to take shelter in relief camps. A red alert has been issued in 11 districts as heavy rainfall has been predicted. With over 324 deaths being reported so far, several people are marooned without water, food and other basic necessities.

    Here is a list of addresses, contacts and NGOs that are collecting relief material to help those affected by the floods.

    The Chief Minister’s Disaster Relief Fund (CMDRF)

    On August 14, Kerala CM Pinarayi Vijayan launched The Chief Minister's Disaster Relief Fund (CMDRF) to help people affected by the calamity. All contributions to the fund are 100 percent tax exempt.
    The details
    CMDRF Account details:
    Name of the donee: Chief Minister’s Distress Relief Fund
    Account Number: 67319948232
    Bank: State Bank of India
    Branch: City Branch, Thiruvananthapuram
    IFSC Code: SBIN0070028
    PAN: AAAGD0584M
    Account type: Savings

    Government district collection centres

    Thiruvananthapuram: The Principal Secretary (Finance) Treasurer, Chief Minister's Distress Relief Fund, Secretariat, Thiruvananthapuram - 695001
    Kannur: Control Room, Collectorate, Kannur - 670002
    Phone: (9446682300, 04972700645)
    Wayanad: District Collector, Collectorate, Kalpetta, Wayanad
    Phone: (0469 204151, 9745166864, 9746239313)
    Idukki: District Collector Idukki, Idukki Collectorate, Painavu P O, Kuyilimala, Idukki - 685603


    1. Anbodu Kochi started collecting relief materials from August 11. From drinking water, ORS packets, toiletries, bags, sleeping mats, readymade food, clothes, utensils and blankets to name a few, the Kochi-based NGO is actively reaching out to people across social media. They have also made it a point to not collect money. Collection centers have been set up at six different cities and this is how you can help.
    For Bengaluru, here are the details.
    For Chennai, here are the details.
    For Kochi, here are the details.
    For Hyderabad, here are the details.
    For Mumbai, here are the details.
    For Ahmedabad, here are the details.
    They have also started rescue call centers to help the victims. The contact numbers are: 8592933330, 9207703393
    2. Delhi-based NGO Goonj is working on the ground with rescue and relief operations. Under its RAHAT initiative, it is calling out for support.
    To contribute money 
    To contribute material 
    3. Oxfam India is on the ground supporting the relief and rescue operations.

    Crowdfunding platforms

    Platforms like Milaap and Ketto are also raising funds to procure the relief material.

    Online platforms

    Paytm: With an added feature that says “Kerala Floods,” digital wallet major Paytm has launched a dedicated section to raise funds. To donate click here-
    2.Amazon: Amazon is allowing donors to order items, pick an NGO and select their address, choose a payment method and complete the procedure. It has also partnered with Habitat for Humanity, World Vision India and Goonj.
    You can find more details here-
    3. Google Tez: Mobile payments gateway Google Tez has launched a dedicated section
    4. Ola: The cab aggregator has announced that for every non-corporate ride that is booked, it will add Rs 5 to the CM's Relief Fund.
    5. Google Finder: Google has activated a Person Finder tool for Kerala, which will allow users to track people who are missing. This page also allows one to add information about someone they have found, who have been displaced from their home and family. It has also pin-dropped a list of centres providing rescue operations, including shelters, food and water, medicine and essentials, volunteers, jeep rescue and ambulances, among others.

    6.  Facebook: The social media giant has activated its Safety Check feature for Kerala, which can be used to let friends and family know that they are safe. Facebook has also created a crisis response page that shows news and video content from public and media sources related to the flooding.
    7. BigBasket: The grocery supplier is allowing buyers to purchase an essential kit of Rs 146 that contains rice, sugar and dal and donate to Delhi-based NGO Goonj.

    Other donations

    Khalsa Aid India volunteers in Kerala are coordinating with the Gurdwara Shri Guru Singh Sabha in Kochi to serve cooked hot meals to those affected by the floods.
    To donate to Kerala Floods Relief:

    Collection centres - City wise

    Cochin: Regional Sports Centre, Kadavanthra (9809700000, 9895320567, 9544811555)
    Ernakulam: St Alberts Church- Fr. Anthony Arackal- +919020301030, Popular Motors showroom, Mamangalam, Vivek - 9846425115; Jaijo - 8589992548; Akhil - 8589982381; Anish - 8086078728,
    Trivandrum: Weavers Village in Rosscote Lane, opposite Trivandrum Club; Sri Mulam Club, Vazhuthacaud; and B-hub, Mar Iavnios Vidyanagar, Nalanchira
    Hyderabad: The English and Foreign Languages University, near Sitaphalmandi Overbridge (8086869573, 9746286425, 91775096030), Banjara Hilla, Flat No 6-3-594/10A, Anand Nagar (7842216157, 8790408101, 8606821009), Tata Institute of Social Sciences, NIRD Road, Rajendranagar (73820922647, 7995926635, 9633134831, 8547930466), SMR Vinay City, Bolarum Road, Miyapur (900035188, 9703503573, 8886555226, 9840921173)
    Bengaluru: Sankara Eye Hospital Kundalahali Gate, Varthur Main Road (9739011685); Avohi, Venus Building, Kalyana Mandapa Road, Jakkasandra Ext, Koramangala (9731980066); Confederation of Indian Industry, CII, 12 Main, HAL 2nd Stage, Indiranagar (7001663618, 9740233244); Tanzeb, 4017, First Cross Road, Stage 2, Domlur (9916900719); Keli Cultural Association, Pruksa Silvana, Nimbekaipura Road, Budigere Cross, Old Madras Road (9945481192); Midway City Owners Association, Concorde Midway City, Basapura Road, Hosa Road Junction (9964741820, 8041234875); Ganga Vertica, Neeladri main Road, Electronic City (8867846625), Visthar, KRC Road, Kothanur Post (080 28465294/5, 9964171982), Indian Social Institute, Benson Town, Bengaluru - 560046 (080 23536189/23536364, 9980331471), SCM - India, Mission Road (080 22223761), The Purple Turtles, Domlur, 8041528039,
    Chennai: Lotus Exotic Journeys, 33/17, Thomas Nagar, Little Mount, Saidapet, (9789053919),  Navin Dayton heights, B block, community Hall, No.76, Nelson Manickam Road (7871512200, 9884408677, 9442527878).
    Thank you for the support guys ..

    Chandrayaan-I data confirms presence of ice on Moon

    Scientists have found frozen water deposits in the darkest and coldest parts of the Moon's polar regions using data from the Chandrayaan-I spacecraft, that was launched by India 10 years ago, NASA said today.

    With enough ice sitting at the surface -- within the top few millimetres -- water would possibly be accessible as a resource for future expeditions to explore and even stay on the Moon, and potentially easier to access than the water detected beneath the Moon's surface.

    The ice deposits are patchily distributed and could possibly be ancient, according to the study published in the journal PNAS.

    At the southern pole, most of the ice is concentrated at lunar craters, while the northern pole's ice is more widely, but sparsely spread.

    Scientists used data from NASA's Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) instrument to identify three specific signatures that definitively prove there is water ice at the surface of the Moon.

    M3, aboard the Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft, launched in 2008 by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), was uniquely equipped to confirm the presence of solid ice on the Moon.

    It collected data that not only picked up the reflective properties we would expect from ice, but was able to directly measure the distinctive way its molecules absorb infrared light, so it can differentiate between liquid water or vapor and solid ice.

    Most of the newfound water ice lies in the shadows of craters near the poles, where the warmest temperatures never reach above minus 156 degrees Celsius.

    Due to the very small tilt of the Moon's rotation axis, sunlight never reaches these regions.

    Previous observations indirectly found possible signs of surface ice at the lunar south pole, but these could have been explained by other phenomena, such as unusually reflective lunar soil.

    Learning more about this ice, how it got there, and how it interacts with the larger lunar environment will be a key mission focus for NASA and commercial partners, as humans endeavour to return to and explore the Moon

    Astronomers identify some of the oldest galaxies in the universe

    August 16, 2018, Durham University
    Astronomers identify some of the oldest galaxies in the universe
    'The distribution of satellite galaxies orbiting a computer-simulated galaxy, as predicted by the Lambda-cold-dark-matter cosmological model. The blue circles surround the brighter satellites, the white circles the ultrafaint satellites (so …more
    Astronomers have identified some of the earliest galaxies in the Universe.
    The team from the Institute for Computational Cosmology at Durham University and the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, has found evidence that the faintest satellite  orbiting our own Milky Way galaxy are amongst the very first galaxies that formed in our Universe.
    Scientists working on this research have described the finding as "hugely exciting" explaining that that finding some of the Universe's earliest galaxies orbiting the Milky Way is "equivalent to finding the remains of the first humans that inhabited the Earth."
    The research group's findings suggest that galaxies including Segue-1, Bootes I, Tucana II and Ursa Major I are in fact some of the first galaxies ever formed, thought to be over 13 billion years old.
    When the Universe was about 380,000 years old, the very first atoms formed. These were hydrogen atoms, the simplest element in the periodic table. These atoms collected into clouds and began to cool gradually and settle into the small clumps or "halos" of  that emerged from the Big Bang.
    This cooling phase, known as the "Cosmic dark ages", lasted about 100 million years. Eventually, the gas that had cooled inside the halos became unstable and began to form stars—these objects are the very first galaxies ever to have formed.
    With the formation of the first galaxies, the Universe burst into light, bringing the cosmic dark ages to an end.
    Dr. Sownak Bose, at Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, working with Dr. Alis Deason and Professor Carlos Frenk at Durham University's ICC, identified two populations of satellite galaxies orbiting the Milky Way.
    The first was a very faint population consisting of the galaxies that formed during the "cosmic dark ages". The second was a slightly brighter population consisting of galaxies that formed hundreds of millions of years later, once the hydrogen that had been ionized by the intense ultraviolet radiation emitted by the first stars was able to cool into more massive dark matter halos.
    Remarkably, the team found that a model of galaxy formation that they had developed previously agreed perfectly with the data, allowing them to infer the formation times of the .
    Their findings are published in the Astrophysical Journal.
    Professor Carlos Frenk, Director of Durham University's Institute for Computational Cosmology, said: "Finding some of the very first galaxies that formed in our Universe orbiting in the Milky Way's own backyard is the astronomical equivalent of finding the remains of the first humans that inhabited the Earth. It is hugely exciting.
    Astronomers identify some of the oldest galaxies in the universe
    'The distribution of satellite galaxies orbiting a computer-simulated galaxy, as predicted by the Lambda-cold-dark-matter cosmological model. Ultrafaint satellites are amongst the most ancient galaxies in the Universe; they began to form …more
    "Our finding supports the current model for the evolution of our Universe, the 'Lambda-cold-dark-matter model' in which the elementary particles that make up the dark matter drive cosmic evolution."
    The  emitted by the first galaxies destroyed the remaining hydrogen atoms by ionizing them (knocking out their electrons), making it difficult for this gas to cool and form new stars.
    The process of galaxy formation ground to a halt and no new galaxies were able to form for the next billion years or so.
    Eventually, the halos of dark matter became so massive that even ionized gas was able to cool. Galaxy formation resumed, culminating in the formation of spectacular bright galaxies like our own Milky Way.
    Dr. Sownak Bose, who was a Ph.D. student at the ICC when this work began and is now a research fellow at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, said: "A nice aspect of this work is that it highlights the complementarity between the predictions of a theoretical model and real data.
    "A decade ago, the faintest galaxies in the vicinity of the Milky Way would have gone under the radar. With the increasing sensitivity of present and future galaxy censuses, a whole new trove of the tiniest galaxies has come into the light, allowing us to test theoretical models in new regimes."
    Dr. Alis Deason, who is a Royal Society University Research Fellow at the ICC, Durham University, said: "This is a wonderful example of how observations of the tiniest dwarf galaxies residing in our own Milky Way can be used to learn about the early Universe."

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